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Genetics and management studies


Section 2 of the PMBOK® guide shows a diagram showing that Project management has an overlap with both general management knowledge as well as application area knowledge.


We borrow heavily from theories and practices that are taught in leading MBA and other management courses. Although we do not explicitly reference specific management theories, they and their practices underlie much of the “Tools and Techniques” that we use to improve project (and project team) performance.


This paper focuses on the various management methods and techniques used today to select, manage, improve and dismantle project teams including:


·                    Belbin – work styles (9)

·                    Myers Briggs – personality indicators (16)

·                    MTR-i   - personality indicators (8)

·                    Graphology  – personality indicators

·                    Disc  - personality indicators

·                    Social styles – social style description (4)

·                    BTSA - Benziger Thinking Styles Assessment (4)


Many of the management theories seek to place human behaviour into groupings of 4, 8, 16 or some other distinct ‘labeled’ boxes. From Belbins  “Facilitators and Plants” to Benzigers “Frontal right and Basal left” to


Belbin identified nine separate team roles—Co-coordinator, Implementer,  Completer-Finisher, Monitor-Evaluator, Plant, Resource Investigator, Shaper,  Team Worker and Specialist. Each of these team roles was associated with  characteristic types of personality. 


The MTR-i assesses an  individual's team role based upon his or her Psychological Type. Eight team  roles are utilized: Curator, Innovator, Scientist, Crusader, Sculptor, Explorer, Conductor, Coach

Each team role is also mapped onto the Sixteen Personality Types measured by many well-known Type Indicator  inventories.


DISC/Four Temperaments/Thomas International/Performax etc (common usage in business since 1980's but the model has been around since ancient Greece)

Dominance, influence, steadiness, compliance


BTSA (Benziger Thinking Styles Assessment),

Katherine Benziger – Benziger's work, model and assessment systems are based on the measurement of brain function and energy consumption in the brain.

Her work has for the past 25 years focused on the proper and ethical development and application of personality assessing in the global business environment. Benziger's systems are not psychometric tests - Dr Benziger prefers the term personality assessing, rather than personality testing,

She rightly says that when people adapt their natural thinking and working styles to fit expectations of others, normally created by work and career, tension and stress results. People are not happy and effective if they behave in unnatural ways


Team Roles and Profile - Effective teamwork depends on  team members adjusting to the expertise and capabilities of others.  Personality factors enable people to fulfill some team roles and limit  their ability to play others.


The Management Team  Role-Indicator (MTR-i) is an instrument that applies the concept of  Jungian type to team role functioning. As a result, MTR-i  complements other Type Indicators by facilitating the comparison  between an individual's innate psychological type and his or her work team  role. The MTR-i can be completed in less than 20 minutes and  involves the rating of 48 characteristic attitudes.


The MTR-i is particularly useful  because of its linking of Psychological Type to team role and facilitating  the exploration of potential differences between an  individual's personality preferences and work persona. This makes it  well-suited for use in workshops on Psychological Type as well as for team  development exercises. 

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